Adiaphora; (greek). matters permitted in the Church which are not themselves essential to faith.

Adoptionism; a.k.a. Dynamic Monarchianism; a system in thought which presents Jesus of Nazareth as a man who became the Son of God by adoption.

Adventism; belief in the imminent return of Christ.

Agnosticism; philosophic position that it is today impossible to know or establish the nature or existence of God.

Albigensians; adherents in the French town of Albi, (11th century). synonym for the Cathars. see Catharism.

Amillennialism; stance that the Kingdom of God is now present upon the earth, thereby rejecting a specific period to come (1000 years, prior to the final judgment) of Christ's own rule upon earth.

Amyraldianism; so named for french theologian Moise Amyraut (1596-1664). Justification by faith as the chief doctrine of Christianity. a.k.a. hypothetical universal predestination; with a two-fold universal and conditional will of God. upholding: Jesus Christ died for all men sufficiently, but only for the elect efficiently.

Anabaptists; rebaptizers. those so named for their rejection of infant baptism.

Annihilationism; the express position that some (or all) human souls will come to cease to exist.

Anomia; without law; lawlessness.

Anthropomorphism; to conceive of God as having a human form.

Anticlericalism; idea in opposition to clerical (i.e., priestly, papal, pastoral) authority.

Antinomianism; the belief that a man is liberated from the observance of God's Laws when God's Grace is active in him.

Aphthartodocetism; the belief that Christ, before His resurrection, possessed an incorruptible body (so not subject to hunger, thirst or pain).

Apocrypha; hidden things. books of the Old Testament included in some Bibles as Deuterocanonical.

Apollinarianism; Apollinaris of Laodicea (310-390). thought that in the man Jesus, the human spirit was replaced by the Logos, or Word.

Apologetics; thoughtful reasoning in defense of Christian faith; also, the analysis and construction of arguements related. see also: Polemics

APOSTASY; falling away. A renunciation or abandonment of specific devotion true. II Thessalonians 2:3

APOSTLE; one sent forth in mission. Hebrews 3:1; Romans 16:7; I Thessalonians 2:6

Arianism; Arius (4th Century). would define the 'Only Begotten Son of God', Jesus Christ, as a created being; sub-divine to the Father; also with the Holy Spirit of God diminutive to the Father's own fullness.

Arminianism; so named for dutch reformed theologian, Jacobus Arminius (1560-1609). Arminius, reacting against Calvinist' predestination, taught that there is no conflict between the sovereignty of God and the free will of men.

Asceticism; a system of practices that aims at the development of virtue and/or strength of character through self-denial and mortification.

Atheism; rejection of the belief in God.

ATONEMENT; to set at one. The price or satisfaction paid by Christ for the propitiation and Reconciliation of God and man in redemption; in example which so inspires men to consider the great love of God.

Bullingerism; Ethelbert William Bullinger (1837-1913). propounds 'Acts 28' Ultradispensationalism.

Calvinism; associated with the teaching of John Calvin (16th century). includes: God sovereign and mysterious, sola Scriptura (and in Biblical interpretation which examines texts for literal meaning within historical context, less any allegorizing, spiritualizing or moralizing), the Total depravity of man (commonly vis-a-vis Original Sin), Unconditional election of men by God, Limited atonement (for those elect in Christ), Irresistible Grace from God, and Perseverance of every saint.

Catechumen; Greek person received for care, training, prayer; to themselves receive hope, faith, repentance; sufficient that they might further receive baptism and full communion with Christ/the church.

Calvinism; associated with the teaching of John Calvin (16th century). includes: God sovereign and mysterious, sola Scriptura (and in Biblical interpretation which examines texts for literal meaning within historical context, less any allegorizing, spiritualizing or moralizing), the Total depravity of man (commonly vis-a-vis Original Sin), Unconditional election of men by God, Limited atonement (for those elect in Christ), Irresistible Grace from God, and Perseverance of every saint.

Catharism; The Cathars (11th century). appear to have borrowed from Docetism, Stoicism, and others. Catharism, like Protestantism, formed many sects; some having forbid marriage.

Charismatic; being of grace/gift. modern usage: one who knows to have received spiritual gifts. Hebrews 2:4; I Corinthians 12

Christ; word origin: English transliteration of a Greek word meaning to apply oil; Hebrew-to-English word equivalent: Messiah.

Christian Humanism; philosophy in that the aspirations of individuals and contributions of their culture have value/merit in the Christian life.

Codex; manuscript.

Communalism; organizational mode, similar to familial, resultant and/or based upon common Christian (or other) affiliation and/or purpose.

COMMUNION: see Eucharist.

Comparative Religion; the philosophy in investigation to identify a common root and denominator for all religions.

Conciliarism; 15th century. a form of Gallicanism, wherein a church council's authority would prevail over the edicts of any pope.

CONFESSION; full acknowledgment of guilt in specific acts or cause. see also: Penance and/or Reconciliation. open/public forms of Confession have been more often associated with Protestantism.

Confirmation; mature, public affirmation of baptismal vows, accompanied by the laying on of hands.

Congregationalism; premise for wide autonomy of/within each congregation.

CONSCIENCE; with knowledge (latin). awareness in judgment.

Consubstantiation; regarding Eucharist, that Christ is present alongside the unchanged reality of the bread and wine. see also: Transubstantiation.

Convent; monastery; abbey. any residence in which the members of a religious order lived in community under vows.

CONVERSION; general: when/as one abandons Heathenism and embraces the Christian faith. specific: when under efficacy of grace, one's whole life is changed in all things becoming new. II Corinthians 5:17.

Coptic; egyptian (greek).

COVENANT; bilateral, binding agreement accepted or imposed by one or all parties to same.

Creed; a brief, authorized summary of Christian doctrine, which may be recited as an affirmation of faith.

crypto-; (prefix); that which is secretly held or hidden.

Cultic; characterized in devotion to specific person(s) or work(s). see also: Sectarian.

Deism; a.k.a., natural religion; separates the actions of the Creator from all physical laws of the universe, while emphasizing morality.

Denominationalism; greater sympathy and/or susceptibility to schism, less exclusivity of creed or association common to sectarianism. see also: Sectarian.

Determinism; philosophy that all human action is resultant to preceding events. see also: Fatalism & Predestination.

Deuterocanonical; added to an earlier-accepted canon.

Dispensation; refers to both an interval of time and to an arrangement/order exclusive or unique to same. progressive referring to a succession of dispensational arrangements.

Divine Immanence; the omnipresence of God in the universe.

Divine Transcendence; concept in that God is elevated above, and extrinsic to, the universe which He created.

Docetism; a system in thought which observes firm distinction between material substance and divinity.

Donatism; a belief in requirement that any member of the clergy much be morally pure for his sacramental works (i.e., baptism, communion, prayer) to be recognized.

Doxology; glory (greek). a short prayer or hymn of praise which extols the glory and majesty of God.

Dualism; system of thought recognizing two (and only two) independent and mutually irreducible principles or substances, which are sometimes complementary and sometimes in conflict.

Ecumenical; 1) of or regarding the Church worldwide. 2) tending toward inclusive and/or widespread Christian unity and cooperation.

Erastianism; Thomas Erastus (16th century). an assumption, sharing or appointment of civil authority in/by the Church.

Eschatology; (greek): discourse about last things.

Eucharist; communion; (greek): thanksgiving. observance of the 'Last Supper' sacrament as instructed by Christ. Matthew 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:15-20; 1 Corinthians. 11:23-26.

Eutychianism; Eutyches (5th century). see: Monophysitism.

Evangelicalism; glad tidings (greek). term often applied to related movements within Protestantism; with common emphasis upon a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, commitment to the demands of the New Testament, grace & sovereignty of God, total depravity of man, Jesus Christ assuming the penalty in death on man's behalf, salvation as unmerited favor, with the vehicle of God's Spirit being in the proclamation of the gospel.

Ex Opere Operato; from the work done (latin).

Fatalism; a doctrine in that events are fixed in advance so that all are powerless to alter or change them. see also: Determinism & Predestination.

Formalism emphasis upon the formal structures of theology and church order.

Gallicanism; (15th century). french movement intent of diminishing papal authority and increasing the power of the state over the church. see also: Conciliarism.

Glasites; John Glas. see: Sandemanian.

Gnosticism; a high knowledge of truth exclusive to those enlightened, to include all material substance as being of evil, conjoining the maxim of Docetism.

GRACE; unmerited favor from God which transforms/renews.

Hagiopraphy; the study of extant sources for the purpose of demonstrating the power of holiness in the lives of the saints historic.

Heathenism; philosophy, culture or practice strange to Christian faith.

Heresy; what is contrary to sound teaching; specific in/to APOSTASY.

Hermeneutics; the examination of methods and techniques used within a given interpretation or exposition of Scripture.

Heterodox; different teaching (greek). descriptive for error or divergence in doctrine. see also: Orthodox.

HOLY; separate from common use; consecrated.

Household Salvation; the understanding of a consideration in familial solidarity or headship for sanctification to salvation. Acts 2:38-39; 11:14; 16:15, 33; 18:8; 1 Cor. 1:16; 7:12-16

Iconoclasts those who object to, or protest against, the making or reverencing of graven images.

Immaculate Conception; inception of life free from the taint and effects of sin.

Immanence; omnipresence.

Imminence; available at any moment, free of known prerequisite.

Incarnation; the embodiment of deity in human form.

Inerrancy of the Bible; pure from any error in all points, inscription and order. (often in use specific to the original autographic documents.)

Infallibility of the Bible; pure from any false or misleading statement; trustworthy against all matters addressed.

Infralapsarianism; after the fall (latin). position that God decreed salvation of men after the fall of man at Eden. see also Supralapsarianism

INSPIRATION; divine influence, directive and rendering.

Jansenism Bishop of Ypres, Jansenius (17th century). taught that Christ died only for those who would in the end be saved by His sacrifice.

JEHOVAH; a rendering of the name for God Almighty developed in ancient times.

Judaizers; of those who are persuaded one must be or become a Jew of circumcision in order to surely follow Christ.

JUSTIFICATION; process by which those alienated and condemned may be restored.

KENITES; Sons of Cain. descriptive of wicked ones; the children of the evil one; inheritance or progeny of wickedness/perdition. Genesis 4:9-15; Numbers 24:21-22; I John 3:12; Jude 1:11

Kenosis; an emptying or evacuating.

Landmarkism; certain convictions including an ecclesiastical authority limited to a local assembly, and denial of a universal or spiritual Church.

Latitudinarianism; (17th century). approach permitting only a narrow core of fundamentals in religion, while sequestering ready agreement between elements of faith and knowledge in the world.

Legalism; principle or attempt to apply law to sin as means sufficient to righteousness or Sanctification.

Liberation Theology; position asserting that the Gospel of Christ imposes upon the Church the liberation of people from their poverty and/or oppression.

Litany; (4th century). prayer form consisting of a series of petitions sung or spoken by a deacon, priest, or cantor; to which the congregation repeats a fixed response.

Literalism; commitment to near-precision for words or meanings to be employed in translation and interpretation.

Liturgy; people work (greek). the formal rituals of religious worship.

Majoristic Assertion; Georg Major, 16th century. 'good works are necessary to salvation'; as opposed to, 'good works are harmful to salvation'.

Manichaeism; Mani, 3rd century. gnostic-based position which calls for absolute dualism; that the entire universe is itself a struggle between opposing forces of good and evil (so incorporating elements of Christianity, Zoroastrianmism and Buddhism.)

Millenarianism; belief in the Second Advent of Christ to the full establishment of his kingdom on earth; imminent destruction of the present order to the establishment of a new order, usually reversing the relative status of the oppressed and the oppressor.

Millenium; one-thousand years in duration or sim. Revelation 20; II Peter 3:8

MINISTRY; Christian ministry being service carried-out or supplied in/for Christian love.

MIRACLE; event occurring within human experience in which the hitherto observed operations of natural processes appear to be overruled or suspended under divine power.

Missiology; science and study in cross-cultural communication of the Christian faith.

Modalism; a.k.a. modalistic Monarchianism; construct in that God may assume/appear in differing mode; i.e., the Almighty Father, the only begotten Son, etc. see also: Patripassianism & Sabellianism.

Modernism; eclectic and transitional, Modernism conjoins Relativism to doctrine, with an open door for symbolic and impromptu interpretation more fitting for contemporary human preference.

Monarchianism; see: Adoptionism & Modalism.

Monasticism; of being single (greek). of lifestyle communitarian and solitary.

Monergism; working alone (greek). position that the grace of God is the only efficient cause in beginning and effecting conversion of men to Christ. contrast: Synergism.

Monism; one thing (greek). position that all of the universe is of one unity, or of one substance.

Monophysitism; one being. A single nature. To application: that the humanity of Jesus was absorbed into His deity producing a unique, single, divine Christ clad in human flesh. Monophysitism rising in reaction to Nestorianism. (Eutyches, 5th century) see also: Monothelitism.

Monothelitism; one to will (greek). conviction that Jesus Christ possessed but a single will, undivided. see also: Monophysitism.

Monotheism; belief in a single, transcendent God. see also: Polytheism & Pantheism.

Montanism; relating to certain teachings noteworthy of Montanus (2nd century). In some measure consistent to reaction against Gnosticism, favoring the restoration of specific elements dynamic to the first century Church: readiness toward imminent end of the age, a receptivity to higher-prophetism in the Church, neglect of created boundaries between men and women, and/or practice in asceticism.

Moral Theology; equiv: ethics.

Mysticism; direct experience of the sacred; knowledge derived from same.

Natural Theology; truths about God learned from created things by reason alone.

Naturalism; philosophical position that all which exists is natural and part of the spatio-temporal processes of nature; if any sort of nonnatural object may exist, it can be known only through its effects within nature.

neo-; (prefix). new; variant.

Neonomialism; new law. conviction that the Gospel of Christ replaces the Law Moses delivered with legal conditions of faith and repentance that need be met by any man before salvation can be offered him.

Neo-orthodoxy; 20th century movement in, or the use of dialectical theology, theology of paradox, and crisis theology.

Neoplatonism; mystical platonism; a syncretic mix platonic thought and Jewish or Christian ideal; followed earlier Hellenistic sycretism. synthesis of Platonism, Aristotlism, Stoicism, and Pythagoreanism, incorporating philosophy, Mysticism, Theosophy and Theurgy.

Neo-Polytheism; faithful reliance or devoted adoration to more than one god, sovereign, provider and/or idol absent uniform acknowledgement of these as being gods themselves. see also: Polytheism & Monotheism.

Neo-Thomism; 20th century revival of the thoughts & ideals of Thomas Aquinas.

Nestorianism; as Bishop of Constantinople, Nestorius (5th century). was believed to have taught that the divine and human were not united or merged in Christ. certain writings of Nestorius, later uncovered, include his own denial of association with doctrine of a 'loosely-divided' Christ.

Oberlin Theology; Jean Frederic Oberlin (1740-1826). The fruit of a strong revivalistic, perfectionistic, and reforming tradition; emphasizing a belief in a second, more mature stage of Christian life, often referred to as 'entire sanctification,' 'holiness,' or, 'Christian perfection,' etc.

Original Sin; may refer to the sin of Adam & Eve by which humankind fell from divine grace, and/or to the presence or state of sin into which humans have been born into since the fall of man.

Orthodox; true teaching (greek). descriptive for what is true, correct or genuine in doctrine. see also: Heterodox.

Orthopraxis; true action (greek). descriptive for what is true, correct or genuine in/by practice.

Oxford Movement; (1833). activity toward a sacramental ministry and life, and an understanding of the Church as an organic, independent body; not a creature of the State.

Pacifism; peacemaking (latin). may describe a position or desire for peace; refusal to participate in national war(s); or, a renunciation of force and coercion in all forms.

Panetheism; combines elements of Pantheism & Theism; belief in the existence of God; as immanent, personal, and as reference for all things; also in that everything which happens both affects and changes God.

Pantheism; belief which understands God as being synonymous with, or indistinguishable from, the universe. see also: Polytheism & Monotheism.

Pantelism; all-complete (greek). the understanding that the Scriptures [Law, Psalms & Prophets] have been completely fulfilled in the person and work of Jesus Christ.

Papacy; denotes the office of Pope or Bishop of central ecclesiastical government.

Paraclete; comforter; advocate (greek).

Passion; the passion of Christ. Passion Week describes the very last week of Jesus' life on earth; Passion Play enacts this central drama of the Christian faith.

Patripassianism; that it was God the Father who became incarnate, was born of a virgin, and who suffered and died for the sins of the world.

Patristic Era; (~2nd century). the interval on earth during which apostolic fathers (sons) replaced the first apostles.

Paulicianism; (~6th century, forward). Paulicians bring attention to the writings of saint Paul, of saint John; and the testimony of John the Baptizer; see also: Adoptionism. Paulicians stood in opposition to the baptism of infants and catechumen, and against the rise of corruption and idolatry within the institutional church.

Pauline; connotes looking to the teachings of Apostle Paul as preeminent, rather than also to other New Testament authors.

Pelagianism; Pelagius (5th Century). taught that we become condemned by sin each through his/her conscious act in sin; whereas Adam's sin brought sin into the world; each man follows welcoming sin to his/her own condemnation, and in solidarity with a sinful world.

Penance; penitence (latin). an act of self-abasement or mortification in the seeking of absolution and restoration.

Pentecostalism; to include neo-Montanism, and/or a revival to emphasis upon the evidences in a material world for the spiritual presence and power of God.

Perfection [-ism]; from the Old Testament: wholeness in perfect peace, without spot of defect. from the New Testament: wholeness, integrity and maturity; lacking nothing for need.

Philosophical Terms [click for index].

Pietism emerges somewhat in reaction to Formalism; emphasis upon heartfelt devotion, purity, charitable works, pastoral concerns and the practicalities of Christian life.

Phyletism; within the church: accepting of members of the same nationality and refusing the members of other nationalities.

Plerosis; a filling or bringing in.

Polemics; various arguements or reasoning presented in hope of tear-down one's conviction of faith or religious system. see also: Apologetics

Polytheism; belief in two or more gods. see also: Neo-polytheism & Pantheism & Monotheism.

Practical Theology; interpretation or re-interpretation of theology in practice, of worship or organizational forms, of modes of human relationship, against those considerations and mores within a given community.

Predestination; a doctrine that God (in consequence of his foreknowledge of all events) infallibly guides or appoints those destined in His salvation. see also: Determinism & Fatalism.

Presbyterianism; a form of church organization or government in which elders govern or oversee.

Priscillianism; Priscillian of Avila (4th century). encouraged self-denial & personal piety, asceticism & vegetarianism, celibacy, knowledge of the power of God, fuller participation of women in ministry, abolition of slavery, and affirmation of spiritual gifts.

Process Theology; (19th century). an understanding of God as dipolar in being or nature; both transcendent-unchanging and epochal-consequential.

profane; (old English). common {as in manner of the world} or made common in/by use. see also: sacred.

Progressive Dispensationalism; see: Dispensation.

Protestantism; (16th century). A variety of teachings largely formed by reaction to somewhat mawkish Catholicism. in unfolding, various protestant sects have been associated with sola fide (by faith alone), sola scriptura (by Scripture alone), private judgment (the Church would have no more authority than the individual regarding interpretation or application of Scripture).

Pseudepigrapha; books with false titles. refers to books whose authors did therein name persons of a much earlier period in order to enhance their authority.

pseudo-; (prefix). false; mock.

Purgatory; to cleanse (latin). place or state of those who have died in a state of grace, but not yet free from imperfection; a place to expiate one's remaining sins before entering the visible presence of God.

Puritans; (16th century). name given to protestants within the Church of England who purposed that the Reformation had not enough reformed the doctrines & structure of the church. Puritans emphasized the importance of education, and insisted that religious motivations be tested in application to practical situations.

Pythagoreanism; term for the esoteric and metaphysical teachings of Pythagoras.

Quakers; Society of Friends (17th century). congregation without formal church structure, which emerged from Anabaptist/Puritan roots.

Quietism; (17th century). describes a persuasion for inactivity & passivity in the physical world as a means to perfect rest of the soul in God; in mystical experience.

Rapture; snatching-away. suddenly taken.

RECONCILIATION; process and/or provision in the removal of what is injurious to restore harmony and congruity.

Reconstructionism; in the preaching and power of the Gospel, the Church as (progressively) enabled in reconstructing the world's political/social system(s) and culture(s) to largely or fully conform with the Law of God.

REGENERATION; (greek). new birth. renewal, illumination, transformation in God. Matthew 19:28; John 3:3,5,7; Titus 3:5

Relativism; position of denial for objective, universal or absolute knowledge in truth. absolute relativism (a contradiction of terms) is better known as Totalistic Relativism.

REPENTANCE; to turn and reverse [from evil or sin]. Genuine repentance is received as a gift from God; timely followed in corresponding works/fruits of repentance. Luke 19:8; II Timothy 2:25; Hebrews 12:16-17; Matthew 3:8; Acts 26:20

Sabbath; the seventh day of the week; from sundown before the day's morn, until sundown again.

Sabbatarianism; the view or position that one day each week be reserved for specific religious observance.

Sabellianism; (3rd century). delimits each distinctive report, action or incarnation of divinity as being of selective office, aspect or facet to God the Father. a variant of modalistic Monarchianism.

Sacrament; mystery, a sacred act.

sacred; set apart; by implication, for specific or dedicated use by God. see also: profane.

Sacrifice; an act in offering to God of some material object or purpose in order to attain, maintain, restore and/or celebrate favor/peace with God.

Saint; a holy person (latin). may refer to a follower of Jesus Christ, a member of the Church, a martyr, etc.

SALVATION; in health, safety & well being (latin). the condition of Justification, Sanctification, adoption, rescue, and redemption received (by faith and/or in consummation).

SANCTIFICATION; to be set/separated apart.

Sandemanian; Robert Sandeman; (18th century). position that repentance and trust/obedience to Jesus Christ are optional within Christian faith, conversion, salvation; "That the bare death of Jesus Christ without a thought or deed on the part of man, is sufficient to present the chief of sinners spotless before God."

Sectarian; of a faction (latin). a dissenting or schismatic religious group which derives its identity in part from another body. see also: Denominationalism & Cultic.

Secularism; this age (latin). life & thought pursued without honest or vital reference to God.

Semisabbatarianism; the view or position that one day each week be reserved for specific religious observance, and then that day being the first day of the week (Sunday).

Septuagint; LXX (275-100 B.C.). oldest known greek version of the Old Testament.

Socinianism; Lelio & Fausto Sozzini (1525-1604). an antitrinitarian sect denying separate persons of the Godhead while ascribing to a set of "Socinian principles", rejecting authority and insisting on the free use of reason.

sola Fide; only faith.

sola Gratia; only grace.

sola Scriptura; only the Scriptures.

Spiritism; belief that spirits of the dead communicate with the living.

Spiritualism; understanding in that the ultimate reality of the universe consists of spirit.

Stoicism; idea lending that God is everyone. elements similar in Pantheism and Gnosticism.

Subordinationism; understanding in that the Holy Spirit of God assumes, or has so been assigned, a relative inferiority of being, status, role, or authority comparative to Almighty God.

Supralapsarianism; before the fall (latin). position that God decreed both the reprobation and salvation of men, even from before Eden. see also Infralapsarianism

Syncretism; process by which elements of one faith or practice are assimilated into another, resulting in alteration or modification of the second.

Synergism; working together (greek). expressing that the grace of God and the specific will of a man cooperatively intersect in the conversion of a man to Christ. contrast: Monergism.

Targums; translations. aramaic or chaldaic translations made for the hebrew people, post-babylon captivity.

Temptation; a testing to refinement; an enticement to evil.

Terminism; the position in that God has pre-determined in time a point beyond which He no longer wills conversion in/for the life of an individual.

Theism; philosophical or theological understanding of reality that the source and continuance of all things is in God; that the meaning and fulfillment of all things is to be found in their relation to God, and that God intends to realize this meaning and fulfillment.

Theologoumenon; a theologic opinion.

Theology; (greek). The word, thought, reason and/or discourse about God.

Theosophy; divine wisdom (greek). divine knowledge obtained by intuition of divine essence.

Theurgy; divine work (greek). acts or magic undertaken to evoke action from supernatural power.

Thomism; St. Thomas Aquinas. position or view that the attributes and/or mysteries of God are indeed knowable vis-a-vis the thoughts of man; direct knowledge of immaterial things.

Traducianism; persuasion in that the origin of each (new) soul is in his/her parents. contrast: pre-existence of souls, reincarnation of souls, creation of souls by God.

Transubstantiation; regarding Eucharist, that the substance (inner reality) of the bread and wine are changed into the substance of the body and blood of Christ before they are consumed, while the accidents (external qualities. i.e., color, weight, taste), remain unchanged thereby. see also: Consubstantiation.

Trappists; a.k.a. Cistercians of the Strict Observance. demanding, penitential monasticism.

Ultradispensationalism; 'Acts 13' ultradispensationalism: the church began when Paul started his mission to Jews and Gentiles. 'Acts 28' ultradispensationalism: the church began near end of Paul's ministry, and with his reference to Israel's rejection of the Kingdom of God and to the sending of God's salvation to the gentiles.

Unitarianism; view asserting that God is one person.

Universalism; position in that all souls will ultimately be rescued from their destruction and/or torment.

WORSHIP; to approach, to kiss. willing and submissive intimacy in faithfulness and obedience [to our Lord].